Counselors, Psychotherapists and Other Helping Professionals

We have witnessed an explosion of interest in forgiveness therapy since the mid-1990s. Here are some of the reasons why:

  • The scientific evidence of forgiveness therapy is strong.
  • The approach can be placed into almost any existing therapeutic mode (psychoanalysis, cognitive behavioral therapy, humanism, social learning, and so forth). Our model of forgiveness therapy is flexible and therefore adaptable to any of the therapeutic models above.
  • Forgiveness targets unhealthy anger, which is often a component of a variety of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Helping a client or patient to reduce or even eliminate anger may ameliorate other symptoms, such as anxiety and even depression. Our research bears this out as do our case studies in the book, Helping Clients Forgive.

Training Materials

Forgiveness - This 100-minute training video (in DVD and VHS formats) is available from the American Psychological Association. Drs. Robert Enright and Richard Fitzgibbons discuss and demonstrate their forgiveness-centered approach to psychotherapy.

Forgiveness Therapy in Practice In this 100-minute video program, Dr. Enright demonstrates his approach to forgiveness therapy with a female client who feels hurt by her mother.

Helping Clients Forgive: An Empirical Guide to Resolving Anger and Restoring Hope - We recommend this book by Drs. Robert Enright and Richard Fitzgibbons for helping professionals who desire more depth in exploring how forgiveness therapy works, together with useful case studies.



Online Continuing Education Course

Helping Clients Forgive – This course is based on the book by the same title.  Course work includes the empirical foundations of forgiveness therapy, process models of forgiveness interventions, and the clinical application of forgiveness in a variety of clinical presentations. The course offers 15 CEU credits to licensed psychologists (through the APA) but has also proven beneficial for ministers, psychiatrists, social workers, nurses, and other professional counselors who have completed it. To preview the course, read a portion of Unit Six.

The course was written and continues to be run by doc toral  scholar-practitioners affiliated with the IFI. The  following links will enable you to view the full CV of each of the faculty members: 1) Dr. Robert Enright; 2) Dr. Elizabeth Gassin; and 3) Dr. Catherine Coyle.

Learn more and/or register for the Online Continuing-Education Course here.

Additional Training Materials

Forgiveness is a Choice: A Step-by-Step Process for Resolving Anger and Restoring Hope – This book by Dr. Robert Enright can be used as a treatment manual for the client or patient.

Exploring Forgiveness - This book is a powerful collection of essays with an interdisciplinary focus that offers a comprehensive view of conceptual, theoretical, and practical issues on the topic of forgiveness. It is edited by Drs. Robert Enright and Joanna North with a Foreword by Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

Forgiveness Therapy: An Emperical Guide for Resolving Anger and Restoring Hope - This book is actually a new and updated version of the book discussed above by Drs. Enright and Fitzgibbons - Helping Clients Forgive that was published in 2000.  Publication of the book by the American Psychology Association signifies that Forgiveness Therapy is now rightfully taking its place alongside such historically accepted therapies as Psychoanalysis, Humanistic Psychotherapy, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy–a huge step forward for forgiveness.


Research Tools

  • Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) - The EFI is a 60-item scale that takes only 12-15 minutes for a client or patient to fill out. The person first identifies one individual who has hurt him or her to a great extent. The client then describes the one incident of injustice, which is followed by the 60 items. The scale gives a score in the range of 60 (low forgiveness) to 360 (this person is a saint, no doubt about it!!). The scale is available from the publishing house, Mind Garden, at A scoring manual is available or Mind Garden will do the scoring and provide a complete client profile.
  • Enright Forgiveness Inventory for Children (EFI-C) - The EFI for Children is a 30-item scale similar to the 60-item adult version. It is presented orally and assesses a child’s degree of forgiveness toward one person for one hurtful event. The children’s version is available from the International Forgiveness Institute here. The EFI-C is now available in the Urdu language. Contact the IFI Director for more information.
  • An abundance of professional resources related to couples and married partners is available from The Institute for Marital Healing at Comprehensive Counseling Services which has worked with several thousand couples since 1976. Established by Dr. Richard Fitzgibbons, the Institute employs a time-tested approach to marital therapy that recognizes the importance of both science and faith in the process of marital healing through a combination of online resources, educational programs and publications. Dr. Fitzgibbons and Dr. Enright coauthored Helping Clients Forgive: An Empirical Guide to Resolving Anger and Restoring Hope.

Journal Articles

Dr. Enright’s forgiveness research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison stretches back more than 25 years and includes more than 100 publications. Read the full abstract of 32 of his articles, some of which are peer-reviewed experimental studies, in which people forgive or are forgiven. Learn more about his research work with targeted subjects including incest survivors, cardiac patients, terminally ill elderly cancer patients, at-risk middle and high school students, and others in our research section.

Speakers Bureau

Please contact our Director to schedule Dr. Enright or another of our forgiveness specialists for your conference or event.

Blogs and News

We work to constantly update our materials. Please see the "Blogs and News" section of this website for the latest updates. If you have an idea or request for a forgiveness-related item you can't find on our website, contact us.

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