The Enright Forgiveness Inventory for Adults


– by Robert D. Enright and Julio Rique

The Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) has been the measurement tool of choice in forgiveness research for the groundbreaking forgiveness research center at the University of Wisconsin and in many other research applications. The EFI is an objective measure of the degree to which one person forgives another who has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly.

The EFI has sixty items and three subscales of twenty items each that assess the domains of Affect, Behavior and Cognition. Each subscale is yet divided into two internal subscales composed by ten positive items and ten negative items (i.e., Positive Affect, Negative Affect, Positive Behavior, Negative Behavior, Positive Cognition, and Negative Cognition). In addition, five final items are added for construct validity.

The Enright Forgiveness Inventory Manual begins with a description of the concept of forgiveness and the process model of forgiving upon which the Enright Forgiveness Inventory is based. The manual then provides administration and scoring instructions, the establishment of validity and internal consistency, national and international norm tables, and a bibliography of forgiveness research articles. The manual also presents evidence of the association between high scores on the EFI and low scores on measures of anxiety (STAI) and depression (BDI).

The EFI Adult Version is available for order only from Mind Garden, Inc.


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